Different Elements of Poetry

How often have you used poems to express your feelings to your loved ones? Poems are beautiful lines that convey feelings and thoughts in a beautiful and interesting language that they are really difficult to ignore. There are different elements of poetry and this article talks about each one in detail.
| Tuesday, February 16, 2010

In my writing I have often taken the help of poems that moved me and clearly expressed something that I was feeling but could not find the exact words that would do justice to that thought. I know that I am not alone and that many others have used this medium to express their feelings as well as marveled at the idea that made the poet think of such lines. What would the world be without poets such as Robert Frost, Emily Dickinson, William Wordsworth, William Blake and like, I wonder? Poetry is an art and like all other arts it is mystical. Poetry uses language and other elements to create something that is new, refreshing and interesting.

Different Elements of Poetry


The basic structure of a poem is better known as meter. This poetry structures form comes in after the symbolism and theme of the poem has been finalized. This basic structure of a poem is important in every line. A piece of poetry comprises of sub units and the each unit conveys a thought successfully.


The theme of the poem talks about the central idea, the thought behind what the poet wants to convey. A theme can be anything from a description about a person or thing, a thought or even a story. In short a theme stands for whatever the poem is about.


A poem often conveys feelings, thoughts and ideas using symbols, this technique is known as symbolism. A symbol in poetry can stand for anything and makes the reader take a systematic approach which helps him/her look at things in a different light. A symbol is a poetry style that is usually thought of in the beginning.


Rhythm is important for a piece of poetry to flow freely. This element of poetry refers to the music that the statements of a poem make. To better understand this resonation of words along with the sounds and music produced it is important to read a poem out loud.


A poem may either have this poetry structure form or it may not. A poem that rhymes has in its structure the last words of the line matching each other in some form. For instance the last words of the first and second lines would rhyme or the first and third or the second and forth. Similar sounding words are what constitute rhyme for example cat and mat, house and mouse. This poetry style is not present in free verse prose.


Usually used for sound effect, this element of poetry is made up of several words in a line that begin with the same word. To understand this better we can take the example of M where the line goes "musical melody of the music minstrels."


A simile is used to add to the beauty of a piece of poetry. This is done with the use of "as" or "like" to make comparisons as to make the lines more understandable and expressive. Let us take for instance a line which goes "her laughter was like a babbling brook," here the poet compares her laughter to a brook which makes the idea clear and interesting. The simile is an optional and yet an important element of poetry


This term is used to describe another way of making comparisons in poetry. Using this poetry structure form the comparisons are more complex. This element may or may not be used by a poet in his poetry.

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