Interesting and Informative Facts About Canada

Do you know Canada actually gained independence in 1931 and not 1982? Read on to know more interesting and informative facts about Canada.
| Monday, November 17, 2008
With the passing of Statute of Westminster in 1931, Canada no longer was supposed to be a British colony. This was the year that actually marks Canadian independence. However it was only in 1982 that Canada formalized its constitution with the enactment of the Canada Act as also with the identification and inclusion of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Here are some more interesting facts about Canada:
  • Canada spans across a land area of 9,984,670 km2 and a water area of 891,163 km2. This makes Canada the second largest country in the world only after Russia which spans across a area of 17,075,200 km2.
  • The capital of Canada is Ottawa which is located in the Ottawa Valley in the Ontario province. The metropolitan population of Ottawa is estimated to be at 1,190,982.
  • The official languages of Canada are English and French however a number of other languages are also recognized such as Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, Cree, Dëne Suliné, Gwich’in, Inuvialuktun, Slavey and Tlicho Yatiì.
  • Canada shares some of its land borders with the United States of America.
  • The very first inhabitants of Canada were aboriginal people who are also known as First Nations, Inuit and Métis. Some of the notable among these are Adam Beach, Joseph Brant, Tony Whitford and Andrea Menard.
  • The federation of Canada has ten provinces and three territories namely Alberta, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories and Yukon Territory.
  • Canada is a country with parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as the head of the state.
  • Canada is a member of Group of Eight Forum (G8), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Commonwealth of Nations' association and the French organization La Francophonie which help it serve its international, political as well as trade purposes.
  • The ethnic groups in Canada can be classified into British (28%), French(23%), European(15%), Amerindian, Asian, African, Arab and also some others(26%).
  • Canada has abundant reserves of natural resources which it primarily utilizes to serve its domestic and trade interests.
  • Mackenzie is the name of the largest river in Canada. Other important rivers in Canada are namely St. Lawrence, Yukon, Columbia, Nelson, Churchill and Fraser.
  • Canada has a very large number of lakes; some of which are Bistcho Lake, Lake Claire, Clearwater Lake, Capilano Lake, Playgreen Lake, Deer Lake, etc. Canada also has a huge amount of world's freshwater.
  • Canada experiences harsh winters in many regions across the country especially in the Prairie provinces where temperature can dip as low as -40° F.
  • Canada have many active volcanoes among which the notable ones are Mount Meager, Mount Garibaldi, Mount Cayley and Mount Edziza.
  • Canada is considered to be one of the world's wealthiest nations having a high per-capita income. It is also supposed to be among world's top 10 nations to trade with. This is supported with Canada's abundant reserves of natural resources. It is the only country after Saudi Arabia having world's largest oil reserves.
  • Canada is believes in multicultural heritage and hence continues to accept a steady immigration rate. Most of the Canadian culture is influenced by American, British, French and Aboriginal people.
  • Ice Hockey which is played in winter and lacrosse played during the summer are Canada's official national sports. Other people popular sports in Canada include curling, football, skiing and volleyball.
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