History of Video and Computer Games

Video and Computer games have been an important part of our recreation regime since decades. These games are enjoyed by all age groups because they fully loaded with entertainment.
| Wednesday, July 28, 2010
Console games are a kind of interactive multimedia in which the user can control the displayed images. The video games involve the usage of a graphic card also called a video card which basically functions to produce and output images to a display.

The history of video game consoles can be traced way back in the 1950s. These made use of a vector monitor instead of the modern analog video. Somewhere in the 1970s, the first video game console that could be connected to a Television set was launched under the banner of the reputed ‘Magnavox’. Another advancement that took place after this was the launch of games that supported multiple players. The demand for video games in the market began to rise. In the late 1970s, many companies started withdrawing from the market because of the introduction of cartridge-based consoles and only the giants remained. The market showed an upward growth when manufacturers began to launch improved versions than the established brands. Once again in the early 1980s, the video game market collapsed due to trading of poor quality video games. This even led some companies to bankruptcy.

Time also developed 2 Dimensional games into the more sophisticated 3 Dimensional games. The 3D games need more handling expertise than the 2D games which are simpler to play.

The competitive war still continues between the major players in the video game production arena like Nitendo, Sega, xbox, Atari and Sony etc who saw a lot of ups and downs. The companies since long have been actively releasing games with new features depicting a neck-to-neck competition. Gaming Technologies is another known name, originating from Bulgaria. The company has been manufacturing popular gaming machines for casinos and arcades since the time of its conception.

Game Development

A single person or a group of persons develop software by which a Video game is produced. In the earlier time fewer people would manage the entire process due to their multiple tasking skills. Today due to the tremendous advancement in the technologies people are employed to manage the different functions involved in the development of a game. If the ideas generated in a game development become monotonous then they result into a big failure in the market. Innovation is what the market claims! Repetitive ideas do not generate the desired revenues and the companies may invite a threat of heavy losses.

Stages of Game Development:

  • The process begins with the formation of a concept (either new or a modification of the existing one).
  • Concept approval is a complex process and technically varies between companies. This is dependent on a thorough study done on the basic idea, the time required for its development as the costs involved. The final output must generate substantial revenues, the profit of which is distributed among the producer, publisher, retail, manufacturer etc.
  • The game designer designs the basic structure of the game which is developed into a video game art by an artist.
  • The job is then handed over to the programmer who develops the software that supports the game.
  • The sound engineer works on the sound effects.
  • The testers then test the entire job to verify whether the game functions properly or shows any errors.

Once the final product is ready, the marketers take up the responsibility of launching it successfully in the market.