Ceramic Tile Flooring - Installing Ceramic Floor Tiles

Wondering what to use for the flooring of your house? Well! I would recommend ceramic tile flooring since it not only adds color and style but is also durable and cost effective. Here we tell you all about installing ceramic floor tiles.
| Wednesday, July 28, 2010
Look around you and you will find that most homes today prefer tiles as flooring material. This human invention blends function and style that goes together to give depth and individuality to a room. Even though tiles are brittle in nature it is often the preferred choice since it is a very lasting floor covering especially in bathrooms and kitchens. Apart from rooms where you use tiles from one wall to another you can be more creative and install them in the fireplace hearth or entryways too.

The market today is flooded different tiles such as granite tiles, slate tiles, porcelain tiles and of course ceramic tiles. Out of these ceramic tiles are often considered the best bet because of the ceramic tile patterns and colors available today.

Installing Ceramic Floor Tiles

Are you worried about how to lay ceramic tiles? Well don’t be because here we have put down step by step instructions telling you everything about installing ceramic floor tiles. In order to get started ensure that the ceramic tile flooring installation is perfect. Here is how:

  • Begin with putting the ceramic tile without the ceramic tile adhesive. For this make a chalk line that is perpendicular to the main entrance to the room. To make perfectly sure that the line is perpendicular to the door use a square. Once you are clear with the ceramic tile layout lay down the tile starting from the main door of the room.
  • Now that you have an idea about how it will look use a spacer to lay the tiles along the line. The spacer mentioned here can be the either the side of another tile or any other object that is uniform and will thus help maintain the exact and uniform spacing between all the tiles.
  • Once you have reached the other end of the room and find it difficult to put down a whole tile, take a one inch thick piece of wood and lay it perpendicular to the row of tiles. Using a screw gun tack it in place. Once that is done, place the other tiles next to this board going across the room in both the directions.
  • Now look around you to determine how much you are required to shift the rows so that you have equal borders on both sides! When you have determined that make a second line based on that measurement. The line of intersection which is caused by the second line and the board will now be the starting point. Do not consider the first snapped line.
  • Now that you have a clear picture as to how to lay the tiles take a notched trowel and apply a 2 foot square area of tile adhesive at the starting point.
  • Having done that lay down each tile into the ceramic tile adhesive. In order to ensure that each tile is evenly placed use a spacer. In case a few tiles are too high you can use a block of wood or a rubber mallet. Take any one of these and gently tap down the tiles that are high. As you install the tiles walk back and forth across the room covering 2 foot square areas each time. Once you have completed installing all the tiles let them set overnight. In the morning the tiles will have set and that is when you when you can walk on them to install and cut the tiles on the border.
  • In order to cut the ceramic border tiles first put the tiles on the full one, then place the ½ inch wide spacer against the wall. That done take a full tile and place it against the spacer with the edges lined up with the other tile that is loose. When this step is complete make a line across the first tile. This line being the one that needs to be cut.
  • Use a glasscutter or a tile cutter to cut the tile. In order to use a glasscutter, first make a straight edge along the tile and then score the line once with the cutter. When that is complete put the tile on a workbench and snap off the cutoff piece. If the cut is complex you can use a tile saw or tile nippers.
  • When the process of laying down the tiles is complete and the adhesive has dried you can proceed to the grouting phase. To do this first mix the grout according to the instructions on the pack. Use a rubber float at a 45 degree angle to work the grout into the spaces.
  • With the help of a sponge wipe the excess grout. Do not dig the grout out from the spaces. Once you feel the grout has set clean off any remaining grout residue. In order to help the grout to set into a resilient solid surface, mop the floor daily for the first 3 days. Let the grout set for a week and then brush the grout with a silicone sealer.

Tips for Installing Ceramic Floor Tiles

  • The scratch resistance of tiles is defined as a PEI factor. When selecting ceramic bathroom tiles and kitchen bathroom tiles ensure that the tiles have a minimum PEI of 2.
  • When installing ceramic floor tiles make sure that there is a durable base. In case you are planning to use linoleum as the base use ring nails or 6 inch screws to hold the linoleum.
  • These kinds of tiles can be installed directly upon concrete too. To do so make sure that concrete on which you plan to install the tiles on is uniformly leveled and free from debris and dirt.
  • Remember to buy a few extra tiles when installing ceramic floor tiles just in case a tile breaks or you misjudged the square footage required.
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